The World of Aviation ...
Dec 17, 1903 - The Wright Flyer lifted from level ground and Orville
Wright achieved the first powered, controlled, sustained and piloted
flight. His brother, Wilbur Wright, timed the flight with a stopwatch
from the ground. On that first flight, the Wright Flyer travelled slightly
more than 36 meters; the flight lasted 12 seconds.
Since then aviation
has gone through continuous developments: aerodynamics, propulsion, technology;
everything has been subject to huge changes.
Propeller, Tuboprop, Piston, Jet: more powerful, economical and advanced
engines are developed every few decades. Aircraft become larger, quieter,
Who ever expected all of this in 1903.. or what will the future
Aviation has become part of many peoples' daily lives. Air travel
is becoming increasingly popular and a regular transport means for many.
of the inreased air traffic, all aspects of aviation have had to grow
along: aircraft crews, airline personnel, airports, air traffic
control, aviation related companies and suppliers, and so on...
There are several different types of aviation. General aviation, commercial
aviation and business aviation are the largest
aviation sectors. And of course there's military aviation ...
General aviation is all unscheduled civil aviation except carriers;
commercial aviation mainly airline operations and other commercial flights
with paying passengers; business aviation includes flights transporting
company employees for business purposes, often with small (private) jets;
military aviation obviously denotes all flights by
The Aviation Business
Many people work in the business... If you have flown from a big airport
once, you may have noticed that a flight from A to B requires
more than just two pilots, a few flight attendants and some boarding
people actually realize this.
To mention some of the many different of jobs in aviation: pilots, flight
attendants, flight crew trainers, flight planners, aircraft technicians,
check-in and boarding personnel, other airport ground staff, airport
car, fuel truck, tow truck and passenger bus drivers, air traffic controllers,
airports managers, staff and maintenance personnel, and so forth...
It's a very large, international business in which many different
people from all cultures have their daily full-time job, day and night.
General Aviation (GA) refers to all private flights with private or
rented aircraft, which is non-scheduled. Some popular airplanes are:
Cessna 172, Cessna 182, Piper Warrior.
About everyone can get their Private Pilots Licence (PPL) which allows
you to fly small aircraft on your own. Especially in the United States,
is extremely popular and many people, even many under 20, own
a PPL licence.
This aviation sector includes all commercial or business flights which
are operated by paid professional pilots, owning a Commercial Pilots
Licence (CPL) or Airline Transport Pilots Licence (ATPL) and of course
an Instrument Rating (IR). It includes all airline
flights as well (requires ATPL-licenced pilots).
Aircraft used range from small (Pilatus PC-12) to very large (Boeing
777, Airbus A380).
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